2020 ballot initiative wins: abortion rights, attorneys for these going through eviction and payday mortgage limits
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AMY GOOD MAN: It’s Democracy now!, democracynow.org, The quarantine report. I am Amy Goodman, with Juan González, as we deliver you Half Two, which appears at among the voting measures which have been handed throughout the nation. You recognize there’s plenty of consideration round who received and misplaced on this election, much less consideration across the voting initiatives that have been handed or rejected on this current election, from minimal wage measures to freedom. replica by way of the combat in opposition to evictions. For extra, we proceed with Ronald Newman, Nationwide Coverage Director of the American Civil Liberties Union.
Ronnie, in Half 1 From this dialogue, we talked concerning the marijuana legal guidelines which have been handed in plenty of states. Now I wish to discuss what occurred in Boulder, Colorado round a difficulty that’s looming for therefore many individuals proper now, the problem of eviction. Are you able to discuss what occurred in Boulder?
RONALD MAN NEW: Completely. So 2020 has been a troublesome 12 months. 2020 has been a troublesome 12 months from a well being and loss of life standpoint. And it was a really troublesome 12 months from an financial perspective. Individuals have misplaced their jobs. Companies have closed. And one of many downstream penalties is that folks in rental housing have confronted vital challenges paying their lease every month. And now we have seen extra evictions. And if we do not take decisive motion, we’ll see expulsions at catastrophic numbers.
And so, the ACLU, as an establishment, has tried to cope with this impending catastrophe by way of numerous channels, not solely pushing for moratoriums on evictions on the federal degree, but additionally by pushing for housing help on the federal and nationwide ranges. States, but additionally, as we did in Boulder, engaged on points associated to the proper to counsel. What occurs too usually is that the house owners, typically for reputable causes however usually for doubtful causes, present up in court docket, make a collection of claims, and some days later persons are on the streets. And among the protections at present in place usually are not being exploited as a result of individuals don’t perceive the system. The whole lot is complicated and complex, and issues are transferring too quick. And one factor that has been proven to assist this dynamic is to verify individuals have authorized illustration. That is nonetheless fairly uncommon in the US. However Boulder on Nov. 3 grew to become the seventh jurisdiction to lock in the proper to authorized help for these going through evictions. And it was performed in Boulder by vote, which we have been completely satisfied to help. And it has been a hit, and a fairly stable success, which can be an excellent signal of the place persons are occurring points like this.
I’ll word additional progress even since November 3. Final week we acquired the excellent news that in Baltimore, Maryland, and never by poll this time round, however by order of metropolis council, an ordinance was handed establishing a proper to authorized help as nicely. . And Mayor Younger signed it into legislation as considered one of his final acts as he leaves the mayor’s workplace. So there was some constructive progress right here, however there’s a very lengthy method to go, as catastrophe continues to loom if we don’t act successfully.
JUAN GONZÁLEZ: So, Ron, are you able to discuss what occurred in Colorado on reproductive rights points?
RONALD MAN NEW: Yeah. So in Colorado, we requested a bunch to vote on the poll to ban and ban entry to later stage abortion, which individuals and households want for quite a lot of very reputable causes. That is one other step that now we have seen in lots of states the place persons are searching for to cut back the proper to decide on, to cut back the reproductive freedom that’s so essential to people and households throughout the nation.
However we, working in coalition with many native teams and with nationwide teams like Deliberate Parenthood, took motion and fought laborious to make Colorado individuals know what was at stake, not only for them. Colorado residents, but additionally Colorado residents. Neighboring states that always journey to Colorado to hunt well being care that’s not out there of their state of residence. And we have been completely satisfied to see that on election day Colorado voters decisively defeated that measure, round 60-40. Sixty p.c of the inhabitants has rejected this try and ban entry to abortion in Colorado.
And some of these indicators are important when you concentrate on the bigger dynamics at play as of late. The composition of the Supreme Court docket has clearly modified. And there’s a vital diploma of worry and concern that the protections which have been offered on the federal degree, primarily by the courts, could disappear or diminish in nature. And so when states like Colorado or states like New Mexico take motion that protects reproductive freedom on the state degree, it is extra essential now than it has been in 40 years. .
JUAN GONZÁLEZ: And will you discuss what occurred in Nebraska on the essential concern of same day loans and the way it impacts low earnings communities specifically?
RONALD MAN NEW: Oh, completely. So, financial justice – once we took a step again and seemed on the outcomes of November 3, financial justice emerged as an space the place there have been many victories, like drug legislation reform, that there have been many wins. excellent news within the financial justice house. And also you talked about one of many primary ones and the one which we have been closely concerned in.
Nebraska has capped payday rates of interest at 36%, which in itself remains to be a fairly excessive rate of interest, however it’s considerably decrease than the place we began. You recognize, over the previous few years in Nebraska, the rates of interest on predatory and abusive payday loans have averaged over 400%, which is clearly ridiculous. And what’s even worse is that most individuals need not resort to payday lenders. They’ve financial institution accounts at conventional banks, bank cards by way of conventional bank card suppliers. However individuals in marginalized communities, individuals in low earnings communities usually haven’t got entry to these choices, as a result of the normal banks do not arrange of their neighborhood, as a result of, , there is not. not sufficient cash, or financial issues up to now that forestall them from qualifying for conventional bank cards. They go to the storefront, to the mall payday lender, who, , guarantees $ 400 with no need to verify the credit score, no have to verify the earnings, no have to assess if the particular person can actually afford. pay it off in two weeks. when it is due. And persons are trapped in these debt cycles that final for years, if not many years.
And so, now we have struck an enormous blow in stopping this within the state of Nebraska by putting in this payday mortgage ban. And it’ll assist 1000’s of Nebraskans. And once more, from a political standpoint, the truth that 83% of Nebraskans voted in favor of this voting measure is an effective signal that we’re getting nearer to a consensus that we should not let some of these in a single day lenders take advantage of our neighborhood’s weak members. So there is superb, superb information in Nebraska. And I strongly suspect that we are going to take this victory and attempt to transport it to different states, as a result of payday loans are an issue in so many locations throughout the nation. You recognize, at this level 17 states have stepped in and brought motion, however there are 33 left. So there’s work to be performed.
AMY GOOD MAN: And at last, persevering with on this query of economically weak individuals, are you able to discuss what occurred in Florida with regard to minimal wage? Have been you stunned?
RONALD MAN NEW: Effectively, we have seen minimal wage achieve just a few completely different states over the previous few years with various coverage provisions. And so, a kind of red-purple state stepping in and saying, ‘Minimal wage is an space the place now we have to maneuver ahead’, is not surprising at this level, however it was removed from – it was far-off. to be a end result which we assumed we’d get. And Florida is a novel state, the place in Florida it really takes 60% of the citizens to vote for a voting measure to move it, not like the 50% which is the norm or rule in drive in most states. So even when you’ve gotten some kind of majority place, that’s usually inadequate. So we weren’t assuming the victory in Florida, however we thought we had an opportunity. And it was nice to see – it was nice to see that really occurring.
Once more, in a state that Trump received fairly simply, the individuals mentioned, “Look, we’re in a fairly robust and fairly robust financial scenario, and it is smart to assist individuals get first rate wages.” At present, many individuals face financial challenges that a big cross part of Individuals can immediately relate to. And you’ve got seen the impression of that on the poll field. And so, like payday loans in Nebraska, I strongly suspect that this Florida minimal wage victory shall be replicated in different international locations as we transfer ahead, even when legislatures sit idly by and fail to take this step that’s clearly needed.
AMY GOOD MAN: To be clear, in Florida, voters authorized the initiative to vote to lift the minimal wage to $ 15 an hour, with Florida being the primary southern state, the eighth in whole, to undertake such a measure. However this wage enhance is gradual. It will not hit $ 15 an hour earlier than 2026?
RONALD MAN NEW: Yeah, that is completely true. And it’s a strategic choice that has been taken in sure contexts to permit adjustment to happen extra slowly. And in some methods, it is simpler to swallow within the enterprise neighborhood. And so, you desire to it to occur instantly, however this gradual, step-by-step strategy could possibly be the trail to victory.
AMY GOOD MAN: Effectively, Ron Newman, I wish to thanks very a lot for being with us. Ronald Newman is Nationwide Political Director of the American Civil Liberties Union. To have Half 1 From our dialogue, particularly on marijuana voting initiatives throughout the nation, go to democracynow.org. I am Amy Goodman, with Juan González. Thanks very a lot for becoming a member of us.